Neurosis is a functional disorder, but often complicates treatment or can cause illness – mental or physical. This drug helps to prevent it:

WHO testifies: the incidence of neurosis has increased almost 20-fold and continues to grow, becoming one of the main problems of practical medicine. Educational problems, communication difficulties, relationship conflicts, prohibitions on expressing many emotions, system demands, information overloads, social and economic problems – all this has brought neurosis into the disease of civilization.

The concept of neurosis with the attempts to explain its emergence and mechanisms of development first appeared in the doctrine of I.P. Pavlov on the types of higher nervous activity. B.D. Karvasarsky, one of the heads of the department of neurosis and psychotherapy of the V.M. Bekhterev Institute, was the first. M. Bekhterev Institute, for the first time combined his scientific research into one large treatise that was republished several times.

In discussing the concept of “neurosis,” it is necessary to take into account two important points:

In neurosis there are no psychotic phenomena. This means that the condition we are considering is characterized by reversibility, unlike psychopathies (they are stable, there is no criticism of their condition, and social disadaptation is observed). The state of neurosis is reversible, even though it may last for weeks, months or even years.
At neurosis, there is a clear relationship between the conflict situation which has become the triggering factor, and the clinical picture of neurosis. This means that if there is no psychotraumatic situation, there is no neurosis.

Mechanism of neurosis appearance
When considering the development of neurosis, the most important aspect about which various schools of psychology debate for decades is the question of the trigger factor.

The psychoanalytic theory of neurosis, as presented by Freud and Horney, is sometimes considered when explaining how neurosis develops. But within evidence-based medicine, the neurophysiological theory, taking psychosocial factors into account, is the priority.

To date, there is a multifactorial concept of the onset of illness. It combines the biological, psychological and social causes of neurosis. Although in the scientific literature there are still sometimes indications of the exclusivity of a hereditary factor or environmental factors (the term environmental – in psychology).

So, the factors of occurrence and development of neurosis are divided into:

Biological factors: gender, inheritance of basic processes of higher nervous activity and features of the constitution. It means that women and astenics are more prone to neuroses according to their build; people whose genealogical lineage already had neuroses. In addition, frequent and chronic diseases can cause neurosis. This is especially true of long-term chronic gastrointestinal disorders and cardiovascular disease, as well as of chronic overexertion, alcoholism and infections.
social factors: the parental family, namely its financial position, the cultural level, features of sexual education, violation of family and personal boundaries. A role in the development of neurosis is also played by the family situation of the patient, features of professional activity (uncomfortable workplace, information overload, monotonous work).
Psychological factors: the system of views and values of the person, his way of thinking and behavior, as well as psychotraumatic situations in childhood and in the present.[2]
I note that the presence of a psychotraumatic situation is the main factor in the development of neurosis. And this situation should occur in a vital relationship, which is why a person’s system of values is so important. And this is already a question of upbringing which is very acute in our country today. In my practice I often meet people who are currently experiencing situations that remind them of their childhood problems and losses.